Understanding What Medical Coding Is All About

Medical reports are turned into a set of codes in medical coding. These codes make a crucial part in medical claims. Diagnoses, a prescription and any procedures performed on a patient by a doctor is what the doctors report could be. Ensuring proper classification of diagnoses and medical procedures, medical coding is essential. Keeping track of contagious and common diseases is the other purpose of these diagnostic codes apart from helping in insurance claims. Keeping track of the mode of treatment provided, procedure coding helps.

Medical coding helps in diagnostic request forms and reimbursement forms of insurance claims. They are also used in research and statistical purposes. Ensuring that there is uniform documentation of a patient’s health history between medical facilities is done by medical coding. As a result of a patient having moved to another region or been referred to another hospital, this might be. This uniform documentation ensures for efficient research and analysis. The government and health agencies use this to effectively and efficiently keep track of health trends. For instance; from a system loaded with data, medical coding makes it possible for efficient transfer of huge amounts of information and data.

ICD and CPT codes are the most commonly used, although there are different types of codes that are used. Standing for International Classification of Diseases is ICD. The problem that a patient was found to have and diagnoses is what they help in identifying. Standing for Current Procedural Terminology codes on the other hand is CPT. To code everything from a visit to the doctor to more complicated matters such as brain surgery they are used. ICD codes are used to represent the diagnoses from the doctor and the condition of the patient. Into six ranges CPT is divided and they correspond to major medical fields. These medical fields include; Anesthesia, surgery, evaluation and management, radiology, pathology and laboratory, and medicine.

Ambulance and emergency medicine coding is also in the practice of medicine. It is a specialty on its own and it requires a totally unique set of codes. These codes are not used for physicians or hospital services. For ambulance and medical coding, the documentation and coding requirements are different from each other. The ambulance coder must take into account conditions, so as to produce an accurate and compliant claim. In this case, condition codes must be used. Since it is beyond their scope to render a diagnosis and only a physician can do that, the condition of the patient is considered in coding. Between the dispatch of an ambulance and its arrival the patient might have died. Ambulance coding uses condition codes while medical coding uses evaluation and management codes.
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