Most products are made from the industries. Drugs, cosmetics, electrical goods, hardware and others in that category are some of the products we use from the industries. The raw materials used to make these products are diverse. Having been manufactured from different sources, the effects of these products to the environment might be unknown. This reason has made it necessary for al consumer products to be tested before use.
Consumer testing, product testing and comparative testing all refer to the same process of ascertaining the quality of industrial goods. Product testing involves doing a number of tests on products before they can be released to the public for use. Product testing is however done on a representative sample and not on the entire stash of goods produced. The results obtained are then taken as the overall representative of the other products. Any product you see in the market has already undergone a number of tests before it was allowed into the market. What then are some of the tests done on products?
The first test is that done on foods, drugs and cosmetics. Animal testing is the basic test done on these products before they can be tested on any human subjects. Protection of the animal being used for the tests on product is the first requirement the manufacturer has to give. There then is made an assumption that the effects of the drug, food or cosmetic on the animal will be similar to those in human subjects and general consumers. An animal will then be given both oral and dermal tests of the product. Oral tests are for testing the effects of the product on humans and animals when ingested. The other tests are dermal tests which are performed on animals to test the effect of the products on the skin of the users. If a product passes animal tests, it can then be done on human subjects.
Animal testing is however not done on products we do not consume. Examples of products in this category include vehicles mobile devices, televisions, utensils and many more. Based on the uses of these products, the tests done on them vary from item to item. The tests are conducted in simulated environments. A replica of the stresses and other dynamics of the product while in use are made and then subjected to the tests. Some of these tests based on the use of different product may include light, noise, wind, vibrations and many more.
The final tests before the release of any product for use are the environmental tests. Tests to determine how harmful the products or its residues are to the environment are done in this phase of testing. These tests aim at establishing how quickly the product decomposes and if it releases any harmful gases to the atmosphere. Failing the environmental test is enough ground to prevent the release of a product into the market.