Things You Should Know About Treatments Using Stem Cells
Stem cells have become an essential part of many treatment therapies in the world. This is because these cells have two unique characteristics that are very essential when it comes to treatments. Stem cells do multiply creating similar cells with the same characteristics. The other reason is that they can easily mature into specialized cells that are used in the body for a specific function in either the skin, bones, or even muscles.
In the medical field, stem cells are seen as a revolutionary discovery. These cells have made it possible to cure diseases that have been stubborn for a very long period. The most notable diseases that have been successfully cured using stem cells include diabetes, heart disease, and neurodegenerative diseases. Apart from these, stem cells have also been used to cure many other diseases. There are also clinical trials that are ongoing regarding the use of stem cells to cure blindness, spinal cord injuries, and stroke.
For over 60 years, stem cells have been used to cure a wide range of diseases successfully. Bone marrow transplant has been the best and most successful way of getting stem cells. This form of treatment has made it possible to cure many people, including children who were suffering from spinal problems. Although bone marrow transplant is prolonged, painful, and expensive, methods such as extraction of stem cells from the umbilical cord are less expensive when used for treatment.
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The blood cells have been a major success in medicine since they have made it possible to treat diseases that are found in the immune system. This can be seen in the success that medical practitioners have had in treating thousands of children suffering from leukemia. Stem cells have the ability to regenerate hence treat tissues that have been affected by these diseases. Apart from leukemia, other diseases that can be cured using stem cells include skin infections, bone infections, and spine injuries. Treatment is done through grafting and implanting tissues.
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Stem cell treatment is different from drug treatments since these cells do not dissolve in the body. Rather, they are living cells that normally grow and can react with the body in different ways since they remain in the body at all times. Extra care is therefore needed when using this form of treatment and only cells that are compatible with the patient in question should be used. It is important to understand that stem cells are harvested from different kinds of the body, with each of them meant for specific purposes.